Bible Passages about the Weekly Sabbath

I'm currently working on a series on the weekly Sabbath. In the process, I compiled this list of Sabbath-related Bible verses/passages. I'm sure that I'm not the only one who could use this list, so here it is. Feel free to suggest additions in the comments.

  • Genesis 2:2-3 – God blessed the seventh day and made it holy because he rested from his work in creation.
  • Exodus 16:1-30 – Gather manna for 6 days. Gather twice as much on the 6th. Do not gather on the 7th.
  • Exodus 20:8-11 - Remember the Sabbath day. Keep it holy. Do all work in 6 days. 7th is a Sabbath to God. No work for anyone in your house or city because God created in 6 days and rested on the 7th. Blessed the Sabbath and made it holy.
  • Exodus 23:12 – 6 days work, 7th day rest for animals, family, and everyone.
  • Exodus 31:12-17 – Sabbath important. Sign between God and Israel that the people are sanctified like the day. Death for profaning it. Cut off for doing work. 6 days work. 7th day a solemn rest, holy to God. Death for working on it. Covenant forever. 6 days God created, 7th day rested and refreshed.
  • Exodus 34:21 – 6 days work, but the 7th is a Sabbath.
  • Exodus 35:1-3 – 6 days work. 7th day is a Sabbath. Death for working. No kindling fires. Set between Moses going into the Tabernacle to commune with God and the people giving gifts for the Tabernacle’s construction.
  • Leviticus 19:3 – Revere your parents and keep my Sabbaths.
  • Leviticus 19:30 – Keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary.
  • Leviticus 23:1-3 – Sabbath is one of God’s feasts. Work 6 days, rest on the 7th.
  • Leviticus 24:1-9 – Showbread arranged on the Sabbath.
  • Leviticus 26:2 – Keep my Sabbaths and reverence my sanctuary.
  • Numbers 15:30-36 – The man profaning the Sabbath by collecting firewood.
  • Numbers 28:9-10 – Sabbath day sacrifices.
  • Deuteronomy 5:12-15 – Keep the Sabbath. 6 days labor, 7th is Sabbath to God. No work for anyone in your house or city. You were a slave, so give your slaves a Sabbath.
  • Joshua 6:1-5 – God commanded Israel to march around Jericho on the Sabbath day.
  • 2 Kings 4:23 – The Shunammite woman regularly went to Elisha on the Sabbath and new moons.
  • 2 Kings 11:5-9 – The priests and Levites who served as Temple and royal guards changed shifts at the beginning of the Sabbath.
  • 2 Kings 16:18 – It had once been tradition for the King to attend at the Temple every Sabbath.
  • 1 Chronicles 9:32 – The showbread prepared every Sabbath by Kohathites.
  • 1 Chronicles 23:31 – Special prayers and songs offered to God during the Sabbath day offerings.
  • 2 Chronicles 2:4 – Sabbath offerings one of the purposes of the Temple.
  • 2 Chronicles 8:12-13 – Sabbath offerings made every week at the Temple.
  • 2 Chronicles 23:1-11 – The priests and Levites who served as Temple and royal guards changed shifts at the beginning of the Sabbath. 
  • 2 Chronicles 31:2-3 – Sabbath offerings restored with the rest of the Law.
  • Nehemiah 9:14 – Sabbath revealed by God at Sinai.
  • Nehemiah 10:31 – The people vow not to sell on the Sabbath.
  • Nehemiah 10:32-33 – The people vow to make offerings for the Sabbath and feast days.
  • Nehemiah 13:15-22 – Nehemiah rebukes the people for profaning the Sabbath.
  • Isaiah 1:12-14 – Don’t keep the Sabbath disingenuously. 
  • Isaiah 56:1-8 – Blessed is the man who keeps the Sabbath. Foreigners who keep the Sabbath made to be Israelites.
  • Isaiah 58:13-14 – If you keep the Sabbath, not doing your own thing, you will be blessed.
  • Isaiah 66:23 – From Sabbath to Sabbath…
  • Jeremiah 17:19-27 – Blessings for keeping the Sabbath. Curses for breaking it.
  • Lamentations 2:5-7 – God made Israel forget the feasts and Sabbath because they profaned them.
  • Ezekiel 20:11-24 – Sabbaths as a sign of sanctification. They rejected the Sabbath. Curses for profaning the Sabbath.
  • Ezekiel 22:8 – Judgment for profaning the Sabbath.
  • Ezekiel 23:36-49 – Judgment for profaning the Sabbath.
  • Ezekiel 44:24 – Priests in the Millennial Era will teach the laws and keep the Sabbath.
  • Ezekiel 46:1-3 – The gate of the New Jerusalem will be closed 6 days and opened only on the Sabbath. People worship on the Sabbath and new moons.
  • Hosea 2:11 – Sabbath taken away with feasts as punishment.
  • Amos 8:4-14 – Impatience for the Sabbath to end is equated to oppression of the poor.
  • Matthew 12:1-14 – Walking, plucking grain, and healing on the Sabbath. Lawful to do good on the Sabbath.
  • Matthew 24:20 – Pray you don’t have to flee on the Sabbath.
  • Matthew 27:62 – Chief Priests and Pharisees gathered to accuse Yeshua on the Sabbath. Weekly Sabbath or Unleavened Bread?
  • Matthew 28:1 – Women went to the tomb after the Sabbath.
  • Mark 1:21-34 – Yeshua taught in the synagogue and healed on the Sabbath.
  • Mark 2:23-28 – Walking, plucking grain on the Sabbath. Sabbath made for man. Yeshua is lord of the Sabbath
  • Mark 3:1-6 – Yeshua healed in the synagogue on the Sabbath.
  • Mark 6:2 – Yeshua taught at the synagogue on the Sabbath. 
  • Mark 15:42 – The day before the Sabbath called the Preparation. Weekly or Feast Sabbath?
  • Mark 16:1 – After the Sabbath, the women took spices to anoint Yeshua’s body.
  • Luke 4:16-41 – Yeshua read Isaiah and taught in the synagogues and healed on the Sabbath. He also walked from one town to another.
  • Luke 6:1-5 – Walking, plucking grain on the Sabbath. Yeshua is lord of the Sabbath.
  • Luke 6:6-11 – Teaching and healing on the Sabbath. 
  • Luke 13:10-17 – Yeshua teaching in the synagogue and healing on the Sabbath.
  • Luke 14:1-6 – Yeshua dined with Pharisees and then healed on the Sabbath.
  • Luke 23:54-56 – Women prepared for Yeshua’s burial on the Preparation day and then rested on the Sabbath
  • John 5:1-18 – Yeshua healed on the Sabbath. “My Father is working, so I am too.”
  • John 7:22-24 – Circumcision and healing on the Sabbath. 
  • John 9:1-41 – Yeshua heals the faithful blind on the Sabbath.
  • John 19:31 – Take Yeshua from the cross on the preparation day before the high Sabbath.
  • Acts 1:12 – Mt of Olives is a Sabbath Day’s journey from Jerusalem, right outside the city.
  • Acts 13:14-15 – Paul and friends went to synagogue on Sabbath and were invited to teach.
  • Acts 13:27 – The prophets read in the synagogues every Sabbath.
  • Acts 13:42 – The people begged Paul and friends to teach on the next Sabbath too.
  • Acts 13:44-48 – Paul and Barnabas teach gentiles on the Sabbath.
  • Acts 15:21 – Moses is read in the synagogue every Sabbath.
  • Acts 16:13-15 – Apostles find a place of prayer and ministry for the Sabbath. Teach gentile women.
  • Acts 17:1-9 – Paul customarily went to the synagogue and taught on Sabbath days. 
  • Acts 18:4 – Paul went to the synagogue every Sabbath and reasoned with the Jews.
  • Colossians 2:16-19 – Don’t let anyone pass judgment on you for not keeping the Sabbath according to man-made rules.
  • Hebrews 4:1-10 – A Sabbath rest for the people of God. Rest on the Sabbath like God did.

A Sabbath Chiasm in Exodus 31:13-17




  • V13 – A sign between you & me
    • V13 – Throughout your generations
      • V14 – You will keep the Sabbath
        • V14 – Holiness & consequences
          • V15 – Work 6 days & rest on the 7th.
        • V15 – Holiness & consequences
      • V16 – Israel will keep the Sabbath
    • V16 – Throughout their generations
  • V17 – A sign between me & Israel

More than almost anything else, the seventh day Sabbath conspicuously sets God's people apart from the rest of the world.

Random Thoughts on Mishpatim

More random thoughts for your amusement and edification:
  • Ex 21:12-14 - Premeditated murder is worse than murder, but both deserve death. Motive and state of mind are irrelevant. The insane and incompetent should be executed for murder along with the cold-blooded killer. Not that I trust any level of our current governments with that responsibility. If somebody I respected was in charge, maybe. See the below comment on Ex 22:1 for one possible way to reduce the ratio of ass to brain and heart in the judiciary.
  • Ex 21:15,17 - Striking one's parents in a way that might put their lives in danger or even mortally cursing them also deserves death.
  • Ex 21:16 - Kidnapping is stealing a life and should be punished by death.
  • Ex 21:18-19 - If you hurt someone you have to make it right. "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth" is not retribution, but restitution.
  • Ex 21:20-21, 26-27 - Slaves have rights. They are not to be mistreated, but cared for, provided for, educated, and set free with a hefty retirement. Even so much as a lost tooth is cause for freedom. The slavery that is often described as having taken place 150 years ago in America bears almost no resemblence to the slavery allowed by God's Law. A biblical slave had more legal protections than your average American tax payer today.
  • Ex 21:22-25 - This isn't just about miscarriage, but also premature delivery. Even so, the guilty man is to pay a fine, and the fine is to be commensurate with the injury caused. That was always the true meaning of "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth." It was always about restitution, not retaliation.
  • Ex 21:28-36 - If you knowingly do things that put other people in danger, you should be treated as if you are the danger. Be careful. If you dig a pit, you will fall into it.
  • Ex 22:1 - Punitive damages for theft should be given to the victim. Judges and police should not be paid, especially not out of fines levied on the guilty, but should be strictly volunteers. In the amount of the fine, no allowance is made for either poverty or wealth. The punishment must be the same regardless of the perpetrator's ability to pay.
  • Ex 22:2 - If a thief is caught in the act of breaking into your home, you may assume that he is there to hurt you or your family, and you should not be punished for killing him. Concerning Yeshua's instructions to turn the other cheek: He was not teaching pacifism. He was telling you to be slow to anger, and to not retaliate. "Do not lay hands on anyone quickly," whether for good or evil, but if someone is breaking into your home in the middle of the night when you are there, they are demonstrating a willingness to hurt or kill you to get your stuff. They don't deserve any sympathy, and certainly not the protection of the law.
  • Ex 22:3-4 - If stolen goods are recovered intact, the thief should give the items back plus 100% of their value. Once again, poverty or wealth on the part of the perpetrator are irrelevant. If he can't afford the fine, he should be made to work it off.
  • Ex 22:5-6 - The key in dealing with accidental damages is restitution. The idea is not to punish someone for making a mistake, but to get them to make it right. Punitive damages for real negligence should be strictly limited regardless of the resources of the perpetrator.
  • Ex 22:7-9 - If someone claims something that is not his, the punishment is the same as if for outright theft. He tried to steal through argument rather than force, but he still stole.
  • Ex 22:10-15 - No one is to be held at fault for damages to borrowed property due to causes beyond the borrower's control. The lender accepts a certain amount of risk in the mere ownership of a thing. However, if the damage is due to the borrower's negligence or misuse, then he is to make it right.

Suggested Apostolic Readings for Parsha Bo



New Testament passages related to Torah parsha Bo (Exodus 10:1-12:51):

  • Exodus 10:1-12:12
    • Matthew 13:10-17
    • Matthew 21:1-17
    • Luke 1:76-79
    • John 8:12-19
    • Romans 11:7-10
    • Revelation 9:3-12
    • Revelation 16:10-11
  • Exodus 12:13-28
    • Matthew 26
    • Matthew 27:11-36
    • Mark 10:13-16
    • 1 Corinthians 5:6-13
  • Exodus 12:29-51
    • Matthew 24:15-31
    • John 10:7-18
    • John 19:31-37
    • Ephesians 2:11-22
    • Colossians 1:15-23



Suggested Apostolic Readings for Va'eira


New Testament passages related to Torah parsha Va'eira (Exodus 6:2-9:35):

  • Exodus 6:2-7:18
    • Matthew 10:16-20
    • Luke 1:67-80
    • Acts 8:4-25
    • Romans 2:26-29
  • Exodus 7:19-8:19 (English) / 8:15 (Hebrew)
    • Matthew 10:5-15
    • John 2:1-13
    • Revelation 8:8-9
    • Revelation 16:3-7
    • Revelation 16:12-16
  • Exodus 8:20-9:35 (English) / 8:16-9:35 (Hebrew)
    • Romans 9:17-24
    • 1 Timothy 2:1-4
    • Revelation 8:7
    • Revelation 16:2
    • Revelation 16:8-9
    • Revelation 16:17-21

Suggested Apostolic Readings for Shemot


These are some of my go-to Apostolic scripture passages to read with Shemot (Exodus 1:1-6:1).

  • Exodus 1:1-2:25
    • Matthew 2:13-18
    • Luke 2:41-52
    • Acts 5:25-33
    • Acts 7:17-29
    • Acts 8:3-8
  • Exodus 3:1-4:13
    • Matthew 2:19-23
    • Mark 16:14-20
    • Luke 11:14-23
    • Acts 7:30-34
    • 1 Peter 2:15-21
  • Exodus 4:14-6:1
    • Matthew 11:27-30
    • Matthew 23:29-39
    • Romans 8:12-30

Parallelism in Genesis 12:11-17




  • V11 – When Abram was about to enter Egypt
    • He said, “You are a beautiful woman.”
      • V12 – Egyptians will say, “This is his wife.”
        • They will kill me and let you live
          • V13 – Say you’re my sister so it will go well
            • I will be spared for your sake
  • V14 – Abram entered Egypt
    • Egyptians saw she was beautiful
      • V15 – They praised her to Pharaoh
        • Sarai taken into Pharaoh’s house
          • V16 – For her sake, Pharaoh dealt well with Abram
            • V17 – Pharaoh was not spared for her sake, but Abram was