Suggested Apostolic Readings for Parsha Naso

New Testament passages related to parsha Naso (Numbers 4:21-7:89)

New Testament passages related to parsha Naso (Numbers 4:21-7:89):

  • Numbers 4:21-5:10
    • Matthew 11:25-30
    • Acts 6:1-7
    • 1 Corinthians 12:12-31
    • Galatians 6:1-10
    • James 5:15-20
  • Numbers 5:11-31
    • John 8:3-11
    • 1 Corinthians 11:2-16
    • Ephesians 5:25-33
    • Colossians 2:13-15
    • Revelation 2:20-23
    • Revelation 8:10-11
  • Numbers 6:1-21
    • Luke 1:5-17
    • Acts 18:18
    • Acts 21:17-26
  • Numbers 6:22-7:89
    • Luke 22:24-30
    • Acts 20:28-35
    • 1 Timothy 5:17-19
    • Hebrews 9:3-7
    • 1 Peter 5:1-4

Suggested Apostolic Readings for Parsha Metzora

New Testament passages related to Torah parsha Metzora (Leviticus 14-15):

  • Leviticus 14:1-57
    • Matthew 12:22-32
    • Matthew 22:9-14
    • Matthew 27:1-28:10
    • Mark 1:40-45
    • James 4:6-12
  • Leviticus 15:1-33
    • Matthew 23:25-28
    • Mark 5:25-34
    • 2 Corinthians 6:17-18
    • Revelation 22:10-17

Parallelisms, Chiasms, and Proverbs 9

A parallelism is a literary structure in which two or more series of statements are set next to each other for comparison or contrast. It's a very common poetic device used in Hebrew literature. Sometimes an author will arrange his text in a parallelism only for the poetic effect, but sometimes it's also to lead the reader to a deeper, implied meaning. The Bible is full of parallelisms, more so in some texts like the Psalms than others, like the books of the Kings.

A Sample Parallelism

  • Statement 1
    • Statement 2
  • Statement related to 1
    • Statement related to 2

A chiasm is another literary structure that juxtaposes two series of statements, words, or ideas, but in a chiasm, the second series is in reverse order. Frequently--but not always--there is a central point, like an axis. Chiasms are common throughout the Bible, but not as common as parallelisms.

A Sample Chiasm

  • Statement 1
    • Statement 2
      • Central point
    • Statement related to 2
  • Statement related to 1

I have a growing list of Biblical chiasms and parallelisms here.

Things get really exciting when these literary structures overlap or are embedded within each other.

A Chiasm Embedded in a Parallelism

  • Statement 1
    • Statement 2a
      • Statement 2b
    • Statement related to 2a
  • Statement related to 1
    • Statement 2c
      • Statement 2d
    • Statement related to 2c

Chiasms can be embedded within chiasms or parallelisms, and vice versa.

Proverbs 9 contains just such a structure. It is organized into three main parts:

  1. Parallelism Segment 1
  2. Central Chiasm centered on a parallelism
  3. Parallelism Segment 2

Verses 1-6 describe wisdom, personified as an industrious and generous woman. It's parallel in verses 13-18 describes folly, personified as a brash and lazy woman. Between the two parallel passages, is a chiasm on imparting and gaining wisdom, with yet another parallelism at its center.

Over at American Torah, I'm going to expand on this chapter and talk about what we can learn from the three divisions. I'll add links below.

On Wisdom

Suggested Apostolic Readings for Parsha Tazria

New Testament passages related to Torah parsha Tazria (Leviticus 12-13):

  • Leviticus 12:1-13:28
    • Mark 2:14-17
    • Luke 2:15-24
    • Acts 19:11-12
    • Ephesians 4:29-32
  • Leviticus 13:29-59
    • Matthew 9:35-10:15
    • Luke 5:12-16
    • James 3:1-18
    • Jude 1:17-23
    • Revelation 7:13-17

Suggested Apostolic Readings for Parsha Shemini

New Testament passages related to Torah parsha Shemini (Leviticus 9-11):
  • Leviticus 9-10
    • Matthew 3:7-12
    • John 17
    • 1 Corinthians 10:27-31
    • Ephesians 5:15-21
    • 1 Timothy 5:23
    • 1 John 2:1-6
  • Leviticus 11
    • Mark 7:1-23
    • Acts 10
    • 2 Timothy 2:20-21
    • Revelation 18:1-3
    • Revelation 21:23-27

Dr Harman on the Levitical Sacrifices

Dr. Terry Harman, aka The Tabernacle Man, has created some great videos about the 5 Levitical sacrifices in Leviticus 1-6. I would just point you to a playlist on Youtube, but some of the videos in this series are marked as "made for kids" (I think that was an accident), so Youtube won't let them be added to a playlist. So I'm putting them here instead!

Video 1: 5 Levitical Sacrifices Introduction

Video 2: Burnt Offering Leviticus 1

Video 3: Leviticus 2 Grain or Meal Offering

Video 4: Peace Offering Leviticus 3 part 1

Video 5: Peace Offering Leviticus 3 part 2

Video 6: Sin Offering Leviticus 4 part 1

Video 7: Sin Offering Leviticus 4 part 2
Video 8: Guilt Offering Leviticus 5

Moses & Yeshua, leading the way to God

In the traditional Torah reading schedule, 1 Kings 7:27-8:21 is read together with Exodus 38:21-40:38 (aka Pekudei).

Exodus 40:34-38

Even Moses, the man who spent 80 days talking to God on Sinai, could not go into the Holy Place when God’s presence was too strong. How much less are we able approach God directly? Moses (and the High Priest) was a type of the Messiah, Yeshua. Only they could approach God here on Earth, and even then not whenever they felt like it.

Since there is no Temple or Tabernacle here on earth now, Yeshua is our only High Priest in the Tabernacle in Heaven. He is the cover over the tabernacle of our hearts and our mediator before the Father, and, being infinitely greater than Moses, Yeshua is able to take us where the Law could not.

1 Kings 8:8-9

When the priests placed the Ark into the Temple for the first time, they pulled the staves part way out so they extended through the veil into the main sanctuary. This either indicates that the staves were not parallel with the veil as in most depictions, but perpendicular. When the Ark was carried in the wilderness and into battle, God’s throne could face either forward or back towards the people.

It was probably very dark behind the veil, and the priest might have used the staves to feel his way to the Ark. Alternatively, their position could represent how God reaches through the veil to us, because we cannot reach through it to him. I prefer the latter explanation, but I don’t know what is correct.

Another interesting thing is that Kings says only the two tablets of the Law were in the Ark at this time. It could be that the Philistines removed the rod and the pot of manna when the Ark was in their possession, or it could be that those things were never in the Ark at all. Some believe that they were placed before the Ark instead of inside of it. In a way that makes much more sense, since the Ark was quite short compared to a walking or shepherd’s staff as Aaron’s must have been. The idea that the rod represents God’s authority and guidance, while the manna represents God’s providence is not harmed either way. They are in our hearts with God’s Law or they are before our hearts, while the interior is reserved as a special place for the Law. Either way works for me.